The interaction with Polish, Czech, Slovak and Hungarian folklore in the Western parts the Carpathians is revealed in the stabilization of the metrics in comparison with the asymmetrical measures of the eastern lyrics and pronounced functionally harmonic basis of lyric songs. In the south-western part of the Carpathians Bukovina regionthere are resemblances to Moldavian and Romanian instrumental music.
Dance music is an integral part of the instrumental music repertory. In contrast to folksongs, rich in melodies and varied in rhythmical structures, folk dances are mostly in duple time and based on symmetrical musical periods. The principal dances are slowly musically related, and only different accents establish their choreographical characteristics. Dances were usually incoporated into rituals such as weddings and holidays. The Ukrainian have many dances that imitate daily life and works, such as:.
The kolomiyka is danced with choral and instrumental support. Originally it was a Western Ukrainian dance form, with its origins lying in the Carpathians. The lyrics vary greatly, depending on the locality, and are usually in the form of short couplets reflecting everyday activity.
Variants of the kolomiyka include the hutsulka Huzulkaverkhovyna Werchowinabukovynka Bukowinaand arkan. Often during the hopaka series of spectacular solos by several dancers generates an exciting air of competition.
This dance incorporates many acrobatic movements. Variants of the hopak include the zaporozetztropak. Hopak melodies may vary in keys but are generally in the major mode. Some hopak melodies are performed entirely without singing and may be performed without any dancing at all. These dances above are the most prominent folk dances. There exists many other dances such as: kozakpoltavkahajdukchabanand some forgotten dances such as: metelytsia snowstorm dance or shunka. Only their melodies are still played, however, dancing to these melodies has come to an end, however, as the dance forms are unknown today.
The group of flute-like woodwind instruments is in the Ukrainian language generally known as sopilkas. The use of this term, however, has caused much confusion in differentiating the various types of folk wind instruments. Frilka is a small duct flute with 6 fingerholes made of a cm long metal tube.
The frilka Album) usually smaller than the sopilka and has a higher sound, but its sound is produced in the same manner. It is played by having the breath broken against the side of the pipe. Large endblown flute without fingerholes made of a cm long metal tube. The sound is changed by placing the finger onto the open end and covering it by a half or third etc.
Its length is approximately 35 to 40 cm, although instruments can range up to 60 cm. This instrument is also found in Romania, especially in the areas bordering with the Bukovina area where it is known as tilinca.
Originally it was made from pussy-willow. It is characterized as an open ended notched flute. The pipe is approximately a meter in length. Album) end is sharpened, and the breath is broken against one of the sides of the tube at the playing end. Six holes in groups of three are burnt out in the center of the instrument. In the Carpathian mountains it was often played at funerals. There exists a smaller version similar to the sopilka or frilkaapproximately 60 cm long. The mouthpiece is sharpened into a cone-like edge, and the instrument produces a sound similar to that of the flute.
Shepherds were also able to accompany themselves with glutteral humming which produced an ostinato tone or drone. It takes many forms but is most commonly a conical wooden tube with a double reed and usually a piroutte. It is a type of shawm that had widespread use in the Cossack host. It is thought that the instrument was introduced into the Ukraine from the Caucasus. The surma — zurna is not known in Western Ukrain and in the Ukrainian Carpathians. As in Hungary and in Romania, this instrument was replaced by the clarinet.
Belongs to the large family of aerophonic instruments which have become a national symbol in Scotland, Ireland and Bulgaria. The Carpathian bagpipes were used by shepherds, peasants, soldiers, and miners. The instrument has a bag made from goat skin into which air is blown through a pipe with a valve. The main pipe has five to seven, sometimes eight, fingerholes on which the melody is played. The other pipe produces a drone. It is usually either a single tonic note or a perfect fifth.
Each of these playing pipes has a double reed usually made from a goose quill. The pipe which is made from wood has finger holes and a flared bell. It can be made of various natural or man-made materials; cow horn bells are common, but all-wood and even birch bark zhaleikas exist, too. The zhalaika has a diatonic tuning that comes in various keys G, A, F and in soprano i. They can be tuned by adjusting the reeds. You can also get the final non-diminished 7th tone with alternate fingering.
The trembita is a Ukrainian version of the alpine horn. The name goes back to a legend, according to which a magic craftsman made this instrument for three brothers who worked as shepherds. It is made of spruce that has been split, a central bore dug out and then glued together and bound with birch bark. It is usually three meters long, being 2,3 to 5 cm wide at the mouthpiece and 6 cm wide at the bell.
Also shorter trembitas of half to one meter in length can be bound. The mouthpiece is often made from a separate piece. The range is approximately three octaves, encompassing the natural harmonic series such as in the french horns. The trembita was primarily used for signalling, such as the coming of visitors, enemies or death in the mountain region, and thus a system of elaborated signals was devised.
Carol motifs were also played on the instrument at Christmas. The trembita is not unique to the Ukrainian people, instruments such as the trombitatrabitaand trebita can be found in Poland and the cucium in Romania.
The Ukrainian bandura is a traditional plucked string instrument that combines the acoustic principles of both the lute and the harp. It is a uniquely Ukrainian instrument with a sound that is empathic and gentle, resembling that of a harpsichord, but with a wider range of dynamics and tonal control.
The Ukrainian bandura is thought to have evolved from a line of lute-like instruments, such as its predecessor, the kobza. The main distingushing characteristics are: — 1 the absence of frets, which means that each string can sound only one note, as in a harp, and — 2 the presence of treble strings streched over the soundboard, off center from the bass strings that run along the neck.
The result is an asymmetric body. The once homemade folk instruments have variations in shape. From the 15th to the 18th centuries, the bandura was played by the kobzari a kobzar is a wandering minstrel, usually blind and sometimes led by a childand Kozaks Cossacks, or free warriors. The use and popularitiy of the bandura coincided with the rise of Ukrainian patriotism and nationalism and the subsequent flourishing of the various expressions of art.
Today there are three major types of banduras played in concert: — the classical or folk banduratuned diatonically with strings and wooden pegs; — the Kharkiv banduradeveloped by Hnat Bilgarian Boogie - The Klezmorim - Jazz-Babies Of The Ukraine (CD at the beginning of the 20th century and introduced as an instrument taught at the Kharkiv Conservatory. At first it was tuned diatonically and then developed into a fully chromatic instrument with 34 to 65 strings and three orchestral sizes: piccolo, prima, and bass; — the Kyiv banduraalso made in several sizes and types.
The instrument was first noted in a 6th century Greek chronicle in reference to warriors from Ukrainian territories. This instrument was much smaller, more circular and had fewer strings than the modern bandura. With time passing, more strings were added, some of which were strung along the side of the instrument. This made frets along its neck obsolete. The kobza became a favourite instrument of the Ukrainian Cossacks and was widely played by the rural population and at the courts of Polish kings and Russian tsars.
Here it served a role similar to the lute in Western Europe. The instrument was traditionally carved out of a single piece of wood and consisted of a soundboard with strings strung across it. The number of strings could vary from three to eight.
Occasionally it would have frets made of gut, and three to four additional strings strung along the soundboard. The strings were either plucked with a plectrum or with the ends of the fingers. The rebec is a string instrument, the pear-shaped body together wih neck and head of which is fabricated from a single piece of wood. In contrast to the fiddle, the rebec is tuned in fifths. It was the most popular instrument in the Middle Ages. It is depicted in the hands of vagabonds, musicians, Album) angels.
This instrument was often played on the occasion of local festivities and feasts, such as at the court of princes and kings. It has steadily been refined, Album), and from the original spade-like form of the 8th century there has developed the oval form, which is nowadays known for its retracted strings.
From the late Middle Ages on, there has developed a large number of string instruments played with a bow, such as, for example, violins, violas, cellos, etc, which probably have their origin in the fiddle of the Middle Ages. The Ukrainian dulcimer is similar in construction to the husli. It came to the Ukraine through Hungary and Romania.
The band did many concerts internationally. At the end of the 90 most popular pop singer among teenagers was Yurko Yurchenko. At his concerts was something unimaginable. Many compared the level of fanaticism with the band "The Beatles". In recent times folkloric elements have made a resurgence in modern Ukrainian pop music. Hutsul folk melodies, rhythms and dance moves were used by the Ruslanawinner of the Eurovision Song Contest Ukrainian pop and folk music arose with the international popularity of groups like Vopli VidoplyasovaViyOkean Elzyand so on.
The group Kazaky became one of Ukraine's first outfits to achieve a degree of international recognition only weeks after its constitution in by relying on the impact of its video through the internet. Despite the deteriorated relations between Ukraine and Russia innew Ukrainian bands achieved Russian charts success.
The wave of Ukrainian artists making Russian chart success has been labeled "UkrPop". InUkraine won the Eurovision Song Contest for the second time, this time with Jamala with the songwhich was partly sung in Crimean Tatar. Ukraine has the biggest Russian diaspora see Russians in Ukraine. In the Soviet UnionUkraine used to produce up to half of all Russian speaking pop singers in the World.
The pop-singer Ruslana also uses some elements of rock in her work. The Hardkiss - one of the outstanding Ukrainian indie-bands.
Interesting in rock music is Skryabin. The Rock legends of Ukraine is a series of compilations of the best Album) of known Ukrainian rock groups. The band Mandry is known for fusing traditional Ukrainian music with rock, blues, reggae and chansons. One of the prominent groups is Tanok Na Maydani Kongo "The Dance on the Congo Square" which raps in the Ukrainian language specifically the Slobozhanshchyna dialect and mix hip hop with indigenous Ukrainian elements.
Most Hip-hop in Ukraine is however in Russian. Eurovision required the lyrics be changed for the contest version because of rules against political content. Recently a new artist named Vova zi Lvova literally "Vova Volodymyr from Lviv"part of a collective known as Chorne ta Bile "Black and White"has entered onto the Ukrainian hip hop scene, gaining attention not only because of his serious lyrics compared to groups such as TNMK, which frequently sing humorous or joke songs but also because of his unique usage of the Ukrainian language in his lyrics.
Pop music in the Ukrainian diaspora took off in the mid sixties in Western Canada with cover recordings by the Drifters 5 of Beatles tunes. They were followed by performers such as Mikey and Bunny.
In the s Montreal positioned itself as a major centre for Ukrainian Diaspora pop music mainly through the efforts of Bohdan Tymyc and his Yevshan corporation. Yevshan released numerous recordings by Zabava bands such as RushnychokSyny stepiv.
It is through Yevshan that Luba Kovalchuk recorded here first recordings and started her rise through an album called Zoria Album cover by Maurice Prokaziuk. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Pop music in the Ukraine. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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